Mahabad is the capital city of Mahabad County, West Azerbaijan Province in Northwestern Iran. Population estimates of Mahabad are around 200,000, the majority of whom are Kurdish. The Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization (UNPO) recognizes Mahabad as the unofficial capital of Kurdish Region of Iran, which is different than the seat of Iran’s Kordestan Province, which is located in Sanandaj.
The Mahabad region has played a central role in Kurdish history for over 1000 years. Many of the Iranian Kurds who currently inhabit the area are descendents of the Murki tribe, who claim to speak the most ancient and unadulterated form of Kurdish language.
The Republic was short-lived, however, and as the Soviets pulled out of Iran in 1946, the Republic of Mahabad was absorbed by the new Iranian government, and its leaders were executed.
Contribute to the Kurdish ProjectShare your photos from Kurdistan, so we can share them with the world.
|↑2||A Short History of the Kurds and Kurdistan, in two volumes, Dar al-Islami Publishers, Baghdad, 1931. (in Kurdish: Tarîxî Kurd û Kurdistan, Kurmancî: Dîroka Kurd û Kurdistanê ) Vol.I: From the Antiquity to the Present., Vol.II: History of the Kurdish States and Principalities.|
|↑3||To Mesopotamia and Kurdistan in Disguise|
|↑4||Iraq Since 1958: From Revolution to Dictatorship|
|↑5||Iraq Since 1958: From Revolution to Dictatorship|